Swastika and Swastika Meander in Coptic Art and Architecture till the Tenth Century

Document Type : Original Research Articles



Different types of crosses are applied in Coptic art whether for symbolic or decorative purposes. Swastika and Swastika meander decorations are among the geometrical decorations which are dated back to ancient eras. They were well known and found in many cultures. In Egypt, swastika was known since ancient Egyptian eras and the meander decoration was existed since the Greek Period. They are still in use during the Coptic era. The research focuses on the decoration of swastika and meander ornaments applied in the Coptic art. In addition to describe, analyze, and trace these decorations before and during the Coptic era till the tenth century in Egypt. The research followed descriptive and analytical methods of research


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